Efraín Volosky Y.1

In the Agricultural Experiment Station La Platina, a study was conducted in 1968 and 1969 in order to qetermine the best classes (on the base of the diameter of the bulb) to use for planting garlic (Allium sativum L.). A comparison of the bulb characteristics and yield of normal and "apitonadas" (with an early and incomplete bolting) plants was also made.
The study, made with lines of the cultivar Rosado, shows the advantage of planting cloves originated from 1at class bulbs, rather than other classes. In doing so, a higher total yield and in 1at class bulbsi was obtained, together with larger cloves and a greater net economic income. Therefore it is advisable to plant cloves from bulbs of a diameter larger than 45 mm (1at class) rather than those of 32 to 40 mm. (2nd and 3ra class) now employed in the country.
The "apitonadas" plants had a different performance than the normal one. They gave a larger total and 1at class garlic production, therefore it is considered acceptable to harvest and to utilize the "apitonado" type, as the chilean farmer does.

1Ing. Agr., ex Investigador Proyecto Hortaliza, Estación Experimental La Platina, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Santiago, Chile. Dirección: Juan E. Montero 4520, Santiago, Chile.