Design and Management of Irrigation Systems

Eduardo A. Holzapfel1, Alejandro Pannunzio2, Ignacio Lorite3, Aureo Silva de Oliveira4, and István Farkas5
Irrigation systems should be a relevant agent to give solutions to the increasing demand of food, and to the development, sustainability and productivity of the agricultural sector. The design, managing, and operation of irrigation systems are crucial factors to achieve an efficient use of the water resources and the success in the production of crops and orchards. The aim of this paper is to analyze knowledge and investigations that enable to identify the principal criteria and processes that allow improving the design and managing of the irrigation systems, based on the basic concept that they facilitate to develop agriculture more efficient and sustainable. The design and managing of irrigation systems must have its base in criteria that are relevant, which implies to take into account agronomic, soil, hydraulic, economic, energetic, and environmental factors. The optimal design and managing of irrigation systems at farm level is a factor of the first importance for a rational use of water, economic development of the agriculture and its environmental sustainability.
Keywords: riego, diseñ
1Universidad de Concepción, Facultad de Ingeniería Agrícola, Departamento de Recursos Hídricos, Av. Vicente Méndez 595, Chillán, Chile. (eholzapf@udec.cl)
2Universidad de Buenos Aires, Departamento de Agronomía, Av. Chorroarin 280, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. (alejandropannunzio@gmail.com)
3Consejería de Agricultura y Pesca IFAPA, Centro Alameda del Obispo, Junta de Andalucía, Córdoba, España. (ignacioj.lorite@juntadeandalucia.es)
4Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia (UFRB), Núcleo de Engenharia de Água e Solo (NEAS), 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, Bah