ABSTRACT.
Glyphosate Use in Forest Plantations.

Marcelo Kogan1, and Claudio Alister1*
 

Under Chilean conditions the lack of weed control at forest tree establishment results in an average of at least 60% less biomass accumulation during the first year of growth of radiate pine or eucaliptus, and glyphosate offers a series of advantages in forestry weed management because its activity in both herbaceous weed groups, monocots and dicots, as well as annuals, biennials and perennials. Also, its efficacy in woody undesirable vegetation makes glyphosate a very important herbicide that can be applied to control herbaceous and woody weeds as pre-planting and during the second or third years of trees growth as strip applications. The aim of this review is to discuss the main uses of glyphosate in reforestation worldwide, during the first 2 yr after tree establishment, as broadcast application over the top of the forest trees and the most important factors that could affect glyphosate efficacy as a forest herbicide, like weed growth stage, application technique, volume and water quality, rainfastness, dew effect and the use of extra adjuvant with formulated glyphosate.

Keywords: pine, eucalyptus, rainfastness, woody plants.
1Universidad de Viña del Mar, Centro de Investigación Agrícola y Ambiental (CIAA), Viña del Mar, Chile. *Corresponding author (calister@uvm.cl).