Faraó|n-INIA, a new Winter Triticale (×|Triticosecale Wittmack) for Southern Chile.

Claudio Jobet1*, Iván Matus2, Ricardo Campillo1, Oriela Romero1, Ricardo Madariaga2, and Cristian Alfaro1

Faraón-INIA is a new winter triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack) cultivar released by the National Wheat Program of the Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias INIA in Chile. It is derived from an F9 material received from Nordsaat, Germany, under a germplasm exchange agreement signed in 2006 by both institutions. The crossing was Piano/Focus with Nord 93.7548 pedigree. Faraón-INIA has a winter growth habit, a short stem (semi-dwarf), with a mean height of 106 cm. The spike is long, compact, decumbent, white, and awned. The grain is soft, yellow, with 1000-grain weight of 36 g, and a mean of hectoliter weight of 76 kg hL-1. It is resistant to stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis West. f. sp. tritici) and leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Erikss.) as well as moderately resistant to septoria leaf blotch. Its mean yield for four seasons in three different locations: Temuco (38º50´ S, 72º25´ W), Traiguén (38º45´ S, 72º38´ W), and Purranque (36°31’ S, 71°54’ W) varied between 8.2 and 15.0 t ha-1 with a general mean of 11.0 t ha-1. Bromatological analysis of the grain showed good protein content (10.6%) and a generally better quality than other triticale cultivars. Based on the above information, Faraón-INIA is recommended for use as animal feed in Southern Chile.

Keywords: winter triticale, high-yielding cultivar, quality, Triticosecale.
1Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias INIA, Casilla 58-D, Temuco, Chile. *Corresponding author (cjobet@inia.cl).
2Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias INIA, Casilla 426, Chillán, Chile.