Alterations of the antioxidant enzyme activities are not general characteristics of the colonization process by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Yakelin Rodriguez1*, Horst Vierheilig2, and Luis M Mazorra1,3

Antioxidant system is involved in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis, but its role during the colonization process is still poorly understood. To gain new insights into the role of antioxidant system during root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, the activities of key antioxidant enzymes were evaluated in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) roots inoculated with six strains of different genera and species: two Glomus mosseae, Glomus cubense, Glomus intraradices, Glomus sp. and Acaulospora scrobiculata. Glomus cubense and A. scrobiculata strains reached the highest infectivity levels with maximum values of colonization frequency and intensity of 29-10.88% and 18-9.20%, respectively; G. mosseae strains showed an intermediate infectivity, both with 15% of colonization frequency and maximum intensities of 7.64-7.06%, respectively; while the infectivity levels of Glomus sp. and G. intraradices strains were the lowest with colonization frequency- 13% and intensities- 5.07 and 5.41, respectively. Some activity patterns of peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and polyphenol oxidase enzymes were not specific for early or late colonization stages neither for the colonization level and type of strain. However, a unique superoxide dismutase-band presents at early colonization and the low level of guaiacol-peroxidase activity at later stages presents in all inoculated roots indicate that these antioxidant responses are independent of colonization degree and strain. Taking together, our data suggest that alterations of the antioxidant enzyme activities are not general characteristics of the colonization process by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, probably having the key role on those responses the specific feature of each strain rather than colonization per se.

Keywords: Peroxidases, polyphenol oxidases, superoxide dismutase, colonization intensity, Solanum lycopersicum.
1Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Agrícolas, Departamento Biofertilizantes y Nutrición de las Plantas, Carretera a Tapaste km 3½, San José de las Lajas, gaveta postal 1, Mayabeque, Cuba. CP 32700. *Corresponding author (yakelin@inca.edu.cu).
2Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Estación Experimental de Zaidín, (18008) Granada, España.
3Universidad Nacional de la Plata, Instituto de Fisiología Vegetal, La Plata, Argentina.