Identification of virus and nematode resistance genes in the Chilota Potato Genebank of the Universidad Austral de Chile

Marlon López1, Ricardo Riegel2, Carolina Lizana2, and Anita Behn2*
Potato Genebank of the Universidad Austral de Chile (UACh) is an important gene bank in Chile. The accessions collected all over the country possess high genetic diversity, present interesting agronomic and cooking traits, and show resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. A particularly interesting subgroup of the gene bank includes the accessions collected in the South of Chile, the Chilota Potato Genebank. The focus of this study is the identification of virus and nematode resistant genes in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.), using the RYSC3 and YES3-3B molecular markers. The Potato virus Y (PVY) resistance genes Ryadg and Rysto were identified. Furthermore, the CP60 marker was used to assess the Rx resistance gene that confers resistance to Potato virus X (PVX). In addition, the HC and GRO1-4 markers were utilized to identify the GpaVvrn_QTL and Gro1-4, resistance genes of Globodera pallida and Globodera rostochiensis, respectively. Both G. pallida and G. rostochiensis are Potato Cyst Nematodes (PCN). The plant material used in this study included leaves from 271 accessions of the gene bank. These samples were collected in the field where natural pathogen pressure of potential viruses and diseases exists. ELISA assays were run for field detection of PVY and PVX. However, there have been no previous reports of nematode presence in the plant material. The results herein presented indicate presence of virus and nematode resistance genes in accessions of the Chilota Potato Genebank. In terms of virus resistance, 99 accessions out of the 271 tested possess the Ryadg resistance gene and17 accessions of these 271 tested have the Rysto resistance gene. Also, 10 accessions showed positive amplification of the Rx1 resistant gene marker. As to nematode resistance, 99 accessions have possible resistance to G. pallida and54 accessions show potential resistance to G. rostochiensis as detected using the available molecular markers.
Keywords: Globodera, molecular marker, Solanum tuberosum, PVY, PVX.
1Fundación Hondureña de Investigación Agrícola (FHIA), Apartado Postal 2067, San Pedro Sula, Cortés, Honduras.
2Universidad Austral de Chile, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, campus Isla Teja s/n, Valdivia, Chile. *Corresponding author (anita.behn@uach.cl).