Body weight components and meat quality of hair sheep fed diets containing different carbohydrate sources associated with urea

Felipe J.S. da Silva1, Kelly C. dos Santos2, Adriana Guim2, Ana M.D. Cabral3, Michel do V. Maciel4, Andreza G. de O. Nascimento2, Dorgival M. de Lima-Júnior5*, and Francisco F.R. de Carvalho2
In semi-arid zones, feedlots are considered a tool to minimize the impacts of seasonal forage on the production of sheep meat in the tropics. However, the use of alternative tropical ingredients as substitutes for corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) meal in formulations of confined sheep diets is recurrent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of diets containing corn and soybean meal (CS), corn (CU), cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) root (CRU) or spineless cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica [L.] Mill., SCU) associated with urea on the performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of confined lambs. Forty non-castrated Santa Inês sheep with average age of 150 d and average initial weight of 22.6 ± 2.3 kg were confined in individual pens for 76 d and slaughtered. The diets effects were contrasted by Tukey test. Empty body weight was different among the treatments (P < 0.05) and was 27.3, 25.3, 23.0 and 21.1 kg for the animals fed CS, CU, CRU and SCU, respectively. CS diet presented higher cold carcass weights while SCU diet presented lower cold carcass weights (P < 0.05) (11.37 kg) and higher cooling losses. Luminosity, yellow color intensity and meat moisture content were higher (P < 0.05) in SCU than CS. Liver, skin and internal fat weights were similar (P > 0.05) in CU and CRU, but higher (P < 0.05) than SCU. The replacement of corn and soybean meal for different carbohydrate sources associated with urea reduces the body weight components in confined sheep.
Keywords: Cassava, non-carcass components, non-protein nitrogen, spineless cactus.
1Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Rodovia BR 079, km 12, 58.397-000, Areia, Paraíba, Brasil.
2Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Dom Manoel de Medeiros Street, s/n, Dois Irmãos, 52171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.
3Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Unidade Acadêmica de Serra Talhada, Rodovia BR 232, 56909-000, Serra Talhada, Pernambuco, Brasil.
4Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Campus Parintins, 69152-470, Parintins, Amazonas, Brasil.
5Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Campus Arapiraca, Manoel Severino Barbosa Street, s/n, Bom Sucesso, Arapiraca, Alagoas, 57309-005, Brasil. *Corresponding author (juniorzootec@yahoo.com.br).