Screening of some rice genotypes for salinity tolerance using agro-morphological and SSR markers

Ismael A. Khatab1, Mona A. Farid1, Ahmed G. Abu amo1, and Yasser Z. El-Refaee2*
Salinity is a main obstacle of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivation. Selecting rice genotypes for salinity tolerance based on phenotypic characteristics alone is inefficient and less reliable, finally will delay progress in rice breeding program. The recent advantages of molecular markers such as simple sequence repeat (SSR) could be used to detect associated salt tolerance markers in rice. This study was conducted to detect genetic variation within some rice genotypes using SSR markers and to identify salt tolerance in the studied genotypes. Forty-five rice genotypes were evaluated for their agro- morphological characteristics under non-stress and saline conditions for two growing seasons in 2018 and 2019. Using 21 SSR primers located on chromosome 8, only 18 SSR primer generated polymorphic patterns with a total of 76 alleles, whereas the other 3 primers were monomorphic. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 2 to 6 alleles with an average of 4.22 alleles per locus. The polymorhic information content (PIC) values varied from 0.30 (RM342) to 0.71 (RM6976) with an average PIC of 0.49. Out of the 18 polymorphic markers only 5 primers (RM 6976, RM7631, RM5556, RM152 and RM342) perfectly distinguished rice genotypes. The best preforming genotypes under salinity stress were N22, IR 63731-1-1-4-3-2, GZ 7112-1-2-1-4, FL 478, TCCP 266-1-3B-10-2-1, IR 65600-127-6-2, IR 68011-15-1-1 and IR 66160-5-2-3-2. Thus, SSR markers are effective to detect high polymorphisms and variations among the rice genotypes, which could facilitate improving salt tolerance of commercial Egyptian rice varieties exhibiting high yield potential. In addition, the selected genotypes might be integrated into breeding programs for salinity tolerance.
Keywords: Oryza sativa, rice genetic diversity, salinity, simple sequence repeats (SSRs).
1Kafrelsheikh University, Faculty of Agriculture, Genetics Department, Kafr el-sheikh 33516, Egypt.
2Field Crops Research Institute, Rice Research Department, Agricultural Research Center, 33717 Sakha, Kafr el-sheikh, Egypt.
*Corresponding author (elrefaeey@yahoo.co.in).